tv Death By Design Al Jazeera October 26, 2017 9:00am-10:01am AST
one of their pitches might make them actually join the global conversation at this time. in a country beset by poverty and lack of infrastructure. sometimes we risk our lives in taking risk saving lives is a dangerous job the vaccine talks only good twenty four hours there are patients waiting for his mother to must be in pain life's worth risking their lives a week ago one of the gang stops on the cars on the road attacking it with weapons risking it all guinea at this time on al jazeera.
you want your knowledge is their arms the whole rahman these are all top stories polls for the controversial presidential rerunning kenya are now open opposition leader has withdrawn from the election and has asked supporters to boycott the vote it comes as protesters have been throwing stones at police. kabira district the supreme court had a the elections held in august due to irregularities the cremation ceremony of the late king jr day has begun the cremation is the main part of a five day funeral service it's led by the late king's mother turned the much loved time mother died just over a year ago after reigning for seven decades. has moved bangkok. the funeral ceremony lasts for five days but of course the main day he's the first day when the late king jr day will be cremated there are actually two cremation ceremonies one a symbolic ceremony and then the main cremation which will take place late on
thursday evening in a purpose built funeral site a purpose built crematorium on a site just outside the grand palace and before then it's a very slow procession taking the royal containing the body all the late king from the grand palace where he has been lying for the past year eventually making its way just outside the gates to that funeral site but it's a very slow procession will take around three hours before they arrive there so you know. as you can imagine it's a very hot day in bangkok but that hasn't stopped thousands of people coming out onto the streets the palace says it was expecting some two hundred fifty thousand people to fill the streets around the funeral side to say a final goodbye to the late king want to do a new day. brazil's lower house of congress has voted to reject corruption charges against president michel he was in hospital when the vote was taken he's accused of taking bribes which he denies the lower house has voted in his favor and decided
that hill lot face trial of the supreme court on charges of criminal conspiracy and obstruction of justice. there have been more protests in barcelona as the spanish government seems poised to take control of catalonia on friday madrid's parliament is due to vote on article one five five reimposing direct rule on the semi autonomous region andrew symonds has more. this demonstration. of two groupings school teachers and parents protesting what they say are false allegations from the spanish government of indoctrination in the education system here in terms of gross secession they say that's not the case many of them protesting are in fact against the session then there's another grouping which is the defense committee for the referendum and they are intending to march to parliament with their message. is rising here in the sense that there is more and
more suggestion that there is now a path towards a declaration of secession from spain and in fact the real john kerry last who is the vice president of catherine yeah has in fact told associated press that quote there is no option but to proclaim a new republic one of the big issues we're seeing at the moment is the future of the regional police force because a lot of people fear that they're going to be under pressure when article one five five goes into effect on friday iraqi forces of launch an assault to recapture the last towns held by ice along iraq's northern border with syria both came into our are considered i sold last stronghold in the country they lie on the only iraqi syrian border with the terrorist groups the towns are strategically important as they're on the main highway between baghdad and the resort. the u.s.
ambassador to the united nations been evacuated from a u.n. camp for displaced people in south sudan after security guards fired tear gas at protesters demonstrating against president salva kiir nikki haley is calling for greater international efforts to support a resolution to the nearly four year conflict that has displaced millions of people there are the headlines of the back with more news in thirty minutes next on al-jazeera it's death by design. i'm attached to my phone my computer my tablet. and it amazes me
how in just twenty years they've completely changed the way i live and communicate . our devices are sleek and elegant. we store our lives in a beautiful cloud. than. i started making this film to explore the impact of our digital revolution. and then secrets the industry tried to hide for years began to spill out. our electronics are made and unmade is dirty and dangerous.
rain or some people think it's even think it's virtual. but in our investigation we find it's not like that. this pollution is having different consequences but i think that the top impact of the biggest impact is on his public health we have nearly three hundred million rural residents who don't have access to sufficient safe drinking water. going to see what they almost see the happy shiny new economy but not. the kind
that your show is you know i'm just shocked. to know that they did it it's wrong but rather. to just it's is a hold up you hold on is it and i don't you wish either you or. i keep thinking about the moment when i face all those environmental and social damage. river you know which carries all the ways to lake. river and this old ladies suddenly down down on their knees in front of me. was. no no no no no no. i mean i don't have any sort of government administrative power and don't have much financial resources to do with this but i told myself at that moment in front of
those ladies i told myself that. at least i need to bring the message out. i need to make sure that all the users of all those gadgets they need to be informed about this. i moved to this area in one nine hundred sixty nine to go to law school because i said i wanted to help people who didn't have the means to represent themselves. it was a time when most people are not heard of the semiconductor industry. but within a few years people started seeing the the birth of what has become the you know global electronics industry. top names
were companies hewlett packard apple intel advanced micro devices. the virtually the who's who of the electronics industry. you know course the granddaddy of them all was i.b.m. . when i got a card and i.b.m. that was great that was the company to work for at the time i could go any place where he worked at i.b.m. i don't need an id you just write a check it was that easy i.b.m. had that much clowne. i was the first microprocessor buyer for i.b.m. . in the early eighty's the idea of a personal computer which was was on oxymoron right i mean personal computer what and what would you use it for anyway but it got legs and we started the p.c. business the first year they shipped fifty thousand units. and so we went from a thousand a week to forty thousand a week and at that point the p.c.
was launched. from almost the very beginning you heard electronics and semiconductor production was a clean industry they said it was as clean as a hospital but what they weren't telling people was that it was really a chemical handling industry and that the magic of making these microcircuits relied on the use of hundreds if not thousands of very toxic chemicals and that's why they have clean rooms that's why they have money suits to try to protect the chips it was never designed to protect the workers it was always designed to protect the product itself oh my god there was a a lot of different chemicals they built a disk drives we had to strip them out and then would literally have to dip him in severe gas and with a sponge and just with arm with severe to have you know what it was is i just knew
it stunk really bad and you couldn't get it on your skin because it would burn you like nobody's business what what happened was people started getting sick with very strange kinds of illnesses things that didn't seem to make a lot of sense and didn't seem to hang together but increasingly as this happened more and more there was a small group of people that began to think that maybe this was related to the chemical exposure on the job. one put music on yeah right you want to turn on the music from. but some good music on today. right there. beside me there's a thing at. the end of. the. one nine hundred seventy five i was eighteen years old and i started working in the electronics field i went to spectra physics and they just hired me just like.
i was making the end of the laser and i would have to mix up his chemical in i used to call it green go. and get the consistency and then put it into a spray gun and i would have to heat that up after a glued on together that was just all day that i did. yvette you know the material she was using turns out to be probably in the vicinity of fifty percent little excite she didn't know she was exposed to lead in to with it and i got pregnant with mark in one thousand seventy nine and that was full term my months and we're just really happy about it. that he doesn't even know to cross the street and not know a car is coming to stop going to the restroom you know i have to go with him in there so i have to system with everything. number one or you better know.
if i knew what i know now how to read out a spec or physics at the time it was unnecessary it just. breaks my heart that i could avoid it. oh we're filing this lawsuit against her employer and it's a lawsuit for her son who was born with severe developmental disabilities and is a suit concealment of systemic chemical poisoning and case of a vet and for the direct injuries to mark. marks condition isn't like a cold take antibiotics and you're going to be fine and by a days this is life. your love just overrides all that and you do what you got to do to this day i still do that. i'm sorry getting. and.
i discovered i.b.m. had more touted. which they kept for thirty years and it kept track of the causes of death of their lloyd's the most dramatic findings were about cancer for the company as a whole this was thirty three thousand deaths that were in this corporate mortality file so included people who had worked all over the u.s. . but then when you look at specific plants like the i.b.m. plant in san jose there was some extraordinary excess costs of deaths one was brain cancer the other was not hodgkinson foma another was melanoma of the skin and in the women breast cancer was three and four fold higher than expected. that was the heart of this center was a loss of. innocent a clear a courtroom today the first trial out of more than two hundred similar lawsuits filed against i.b.m. former i.b.m.
workers jim bore and a lighter hernandez say they developed cancer from exposure to toxic chemicals at i.b.m. san jose facility in the late seventy's or early ninety's i mean literally tried to prevent the results of the tally analysis from ever seeing the light of day in fact they went to the judge and said this can't be used in this case a lot of hernandez's not dead she's going to be in the courtroom and not only was it not relevant the judge said it was prejudiced the jury if they saw what these excess costs were and so he denied use of it in the court many of the brands will respond to questions by saying no one has ever proved to me that a single person has died from exposure to these chemicals either within inside their factories or outside of the factories and of discussion. but that's not the way that we approach environmental or occupational health in the world we are not
flying blind here at all especially on the chemicals at issue here in the electronics industry actually and most of the common chemical used in all industrial manufacturing we've been at this work for forty years. if you look at the publicising generated by i.b.m. you would think that we lost everything and that's simply not correct. after the trial i.b.m. matters were resolved for hundreds of people whose claims did not go to trial. what can you tell us about the settlements. i'm not going to be able to talk about any of the resolutions of the cases and. can you give any details at all did you have to agree not to reveal the details as part of the settlement all i can say is that the matters were resolved that's what i'm allowed to say.
you're in silicon valley chip companies and the other electronics production companies used hundreds if not thousands of toxic chemicals and the most of the chemicals once they're used in making the components needed to be disposed of as waste the companies ended up storing them in underground storage tanks all over the valley. but what the brilliant people who were designing these systems didn't quite think through all the way was that the solvent swear really good it dissolved ing things and so when you put them into a tank eventually they're going to eat their way through the tank.
solvents that the electronics industry used in production in silicon valley in the seventy's and eighty's are now on in the groundwater and if you think about putting a drop of ink in a bathtub. that spreads really quickly and it's really hard to get that dropping back that's what we're dealing with except we're dealing with multiples of gallons of the stuff that is in the groundwater. in late one thousand a one there were over one hundred families in one little neighborhood who had serious problems and the state health department discovered that the families that were drinking the most heavily contaminated water had significantly higher rates of miscarriages and birth defects then did people in other neighborhoods with the chemical industry will often say if i had not a dime for every time i heard this but even water can kill you then those non toxic thing of course it can but only if you stick your face down in the bathtub or fall
into a you know fall into a large body of water. and so that has the traditional approach to toxicology is that the more stuff you're exposed to the more harm it causes you but what we're seeing in particularly around cancer and around hormone disrupting chemicals is that it's when you're exposed to it the time of exposure so if you're in third trimester and you get even a perp or billion or part petroleum exposure it can actually cause significant damage. we formed this silicon valley tuxes coalition and we did a summer organizing project getting people to sign petitions asking the e.p.a. step in with their authority into the superfund program. testing. yes. and i went to a meeting in washington and presented these thousands of petitions saying we need e.p.a. to come in it's time for e.p.a. to exercise your authority and to everybody's great surprise they agreed to do that
. so hewlett packard became a superfund site until became a superfund site national semiconductor advanced micro devices i.b.m. you name it they were there and they were of all superfund sites. the cost of cleanup for i.b.m. as well as all the other companies has been tremendous it's an enormously slow and tedious process. if you look right over here also this is a major residential neighborhood just directly across the street from this industrial site and most of the people living here today are unaware of this huge toxic plume. and those same chemicals that are still right under where we're standing are now beginning to seep back up out of the groundwater through the soil
and actually coming into the offices of these software engineers a google. and this is the one that e.p.a. said might take three hundred years to clean up. this is so complicated the devastation is so enormous that we're really talking centuries of cleanup not just years or decades. the problem is that it just keeps reoccur. when companies started moving away from silicon valley to china i think that they were the only too happy to have the government off their backs and. the chinese government made an offer to multinational corporations that they couldn't refuse. you need a land and you need money and you need government approval and you need lots of people to put it all together well they have all of that in china.
so it's going to be the same. which you just. see. one of the primary purposes of outsourcing is to enable companies like apple to make what are essentially an reasonable demands on manufacturers that they wouldn't and couldn't make if they actually had to employ the workers directly apple doesn't have to worry about what it means to workers when they insist on a tripling of the pace of i phone production.
didn't go to me of the gloom and sounds of those who. come in the new. tool don't go. anyway focused on this and you. know. how you can see as you go by the one you don't we see you know some of the current . now i can go down. here in. this one dance here. you see the late ninety's. and they. knew them.
on one one workload it might. not. and you are changing girl as america struggles to contain its worst of a drug crisis four lines looks at the devastating impact it's having on the children who then left to pick up the pace and. heroines children of this time on al-jazeera. it is the inhabitants of a nation that give its unique identity. each culture maintained and developed by the endeavors of its people in a six part series i'll just zero those into tunisia as rich tapestry through the
you're watching al-jazeera i'm still raman these are our top stories polls for the controversial presidential rerunning in kenya and now open opposition leader raila odinga has withdrawn from the election and as are supporters to boycott the vote it comes as protesters have been throwing stones at police in nairobi as could be the district the supreme court had an old the elections held in august due to irregularities the cremation ceremony of the late king did your day has begun the cremation is the main part of the five day funeral service and it's led by the king's late son and the mother tenth the much loved time monarch died just over a year ago after reigning for seven decades. brazil's lower house of congress has voted to reject corruption charges against president michel tamer he was in hospital when the vote was taken he's accused of taking bribes which he denies iraqi forces of launch an assault into recapturing the last towns held by isilon
iraq's northern border with syria both came in a considered dinosaurs last stronghold in the country the towns are strategically important as there are on the main highway between baghdad and there is or. the u.s. ambassador to the united nations has been evacuated from a u.n. camp for displaced people in south sudan after security guards fired tear gas at protesters demonstrating against president salva kiir nikki haley is calling for greater international efforts to support a resolution to nearly four and a half years of conflict that's displaced millions of people catalonia as parliament will meet on there's a to discuss its response to madrid plans to take control again politicians will discuss what to do if the central government imposes direct rule by triggering article one five five on friday catalan leader karla's puja maher has turned down an invitation to speak to senators in madrid qatar will implement
a range of labor law reforms including the introduction of a minimum wage details are yet to be revealed on how much the minimum wage will be and when it will take into effect the latest reforms will also ensure that employers will no longer be able to stop employees from leaving cattle doha has been an international scrutiny over migrant worker rights in the lead up to the twenty twenty two world cup back with more news in half an hour. you know my father who doesn't go for home plays in the fall down season is obviously youngest of us to do it has died and fifteen others were injured after an explosion at a foxconn factory in chengdu south with china the economy to some opened on cuba you know just how you hold a day or two that occurred at around seven p.m. in a polishing workshop that appears to have been triggered by an explosion of combustible dust in a duct. no one to be
surprised that aluminum dust if it's in a high enough concentration and there is an ignition source it will produce explosion and fire this is a hazard which is extremely well known. so the fact that apple suppliers have an explosion in chengdu in the plant means that they had very poor housekeeping very poor production processes that's terrible. what's completely unacceptable is that five months later at another plant by within the apple supply chain they had another explosion and fire. as outrageously inexcusable that they had a second one five months later. they set up the supply chains exactly the way they want them they monitor these private
chains with exacting scrutiny so they know exactly what's going into their products at every point along the way. we've all i think said of the guns it will show you some of. that and. so i have an i phone five here and i'm a show you a little bit about what's inside what makes a tech and the some of the design choices that apple made putting it together to the first thing up or has on the bottom is too proprietary penta loeb screws this is a security scare the apple designed to keep people out of the phone once you get the
phone open we can start to see the guts. this isn't really a phone it's pretty much a full blown computer that can make your phone last for eight hours if you need a really big battery. batteries and phones last about four hundred charges every cell phone i've ever had just popped the back off you can pull the battery out swap a new battery and every year or two you have to replace a battery apple has decided with the i pod and now the i phone that they don't like that model so what they are doing is building the batteries in the phone and using proprietary screws on their in the temp to limit the lifespan of the phone to about eighteen months which is around the time when they have a new phone and they want you to buy a new one anyway. i think says a company that wants to see everything get fixed so we show people how to fix things and provide the parts tools and guides to enable them to do so helping everyone fix everything so that's the challenge it's a big challenge because there's millions of devices out there and luke and i are
reluctant capitalists we get excited selling screwdrivers even though that's seems like a boring product because we're selling people a capability with able to do something that they wouldn't have otherwise we want to make it simple and easy for me to repair their own stuff. the amount of raw materials that go into the products that we use are staggering to over five hundred pounds around material go into making in a down south. so here's an example of a circuit board in this new ways this is out of apple laptop from a few years ago even if you make this circuit board in the most environmentally friendly way it's still going to use a ton of water a ton of money probably literally a ton of water lots and lots of materials. books when we know of or most of you know. well nothing is different.
electronics industry is closed the way is that through this the american manufacturers are. they're selling a thing and they're saying well you have it but you don't really own it there's no way we're ever going to sell you a screwdriver to be able to get on the phone ford would never sell you a car and say we're not going to make tires available to it to keep your car running after thirty thousand miles you have an entire ecosystem an entire industry that's built on secrecy and we're one organization that's trying to pry open the hood a little bit show people what's inside. and we've kind of been conditioned by manufacturers and brands to leave yourself on the outside don't worry about the details we make this product we give it to you and you just use this product you know when it stops working you go buy a new one. when we originally started i fix it it was just a way to provide people with some solution to fix broken devices. and over time
we've realized both the manufacturing and the environmental problems are all huge concern. over the last few years i've been to china on a regular basis a lot of that related to our tool manufacturing. we're looking at getting some circuit boards manufactured. this is the big rechargeable battery and this is the main circuit board in here so considering it's just a flashlight you can see it's a surprisingly complex circuit board and i've got these basic schematic for this sort of board once we decide it will leave them with the facts and there's been a. finding this supplier that is environmentally friendly has good quality and has reasonable pricing all
three of those at once is probably going to be a challenge. for some action photos by. visiting factories we've found that it's surprisingly effective to show up on short notice. in general any factory of it's not willing to let you see the factory is an immediate red flag at least for someone that we don't want to do business with. this is the big. line from the factory so this is where they're edging and bringing all these nasty acids and other chemicals in. you got
a little bit of acid believe you you can see it can deal the acid on the outside of the machine. i walked over to where there were some storage tanks and there was basically acid all over the floor. and the moment i looked over that they told me no get back away from here and this isn't giving me a good feeling. as far as making sure everything's done correctly environmentally it doesn't seem like that's a priority for them. and they've got them out whoever. it is the fact that it was so dear to you is the price you have to pay for the last thirty years of development you. don't buy from them.
what you got was the time to do something and. you know that and so that's the front i mean. to fight. for john. and that's what i want. to see it's a wolf we saw so i said you know she brings my sense at the time to buy them just source. i said what that's like them out also model hope. the next time we're going to have. that's when you know but you know when you see ten. times and you think. that when you would see these sudden and so when you're pushing. through it's a typical high profit. from them by us from him but to get that when do you think
how. do you see. it is constantly changing. a lot of. time travel you. see. this is definitely the most professional of the factories visited. the fact that we're being taken through this water treatment facility is a really promising sign. you start out with incredibly yucky water and it goes for a progressive series of filters and other processes and eventually you end up with
a fully acceptably clean water. the coolest thing when the water is coming through the treatment facility some of the water comes out and dumps into this fountain and they have fish in here in the factory and i said well they know the water treatment is working ok as long as the fish are still alive a little unfortunate for the fish because if something breaks maybe the fish die but it's clear to me that this would definitely be the factory to buy from up the one we visited. from the institute of public and environmental affairs ma june. thank you ladies and gentlemen i'm truly honored and humbled to be the first chinese
citizen to receive the school award if thank you i set up this institute of public in your bar many affairs. and our first project is to. a national water pollution database. though this records comes from the government sources the public can access the information by click on the locations on the map because people want to know you know who should be held responsible for such a bad water pollution situation and so far we got some more than one hundred and ten thousand records of violations in our database. april two thousand and ten we filed letters to twenty nine mighty brands
who checked with them whether those polluting factories whether they are their suppliers. all of them responded except the one that is an apple. apple just give us one statement that is we have a long term policy not to disclose our supply chain or. not to. my june contacted me and we began to work together to apply additional pressure to a company with headquarters here in the united states might join singled out a number of facilities that he believed were in apple supply chain that it had a very heavy environmental impact in their locality and when he level of those charges apple was shocked and is sort of in denial that this type of
problem to this extent could really exist in their supply chain. i think it's important to understand that this is not just about apple you know this is about the idea industry. they all share printed circuit board manufacturers they all share chip manufacturer is you know despite their audit protocols there is a lot more talk than walk on environmental impacts in the supply chain. you say to yourself how could they not know about any of these problems but you know it's it's always you ask and it's all you look for so if you were there and you have a checklist of what you mean you need it now and that checklist does not include what's going on at the end of the pipe of your wastewater treatment plant it's actually conceivable that you know exactly where it's being made you just don't
know exactly how it's being made and what the impact is. that's what's going on not just with apple but with all of these companies. forty years of operating the environmental protection agency in this country these are american based companies hard to believe. we still have this industry which is discharging so much waste not just normal waste and hazardous waste. in just one supplier it generates more than one hundred thousand tons of hazardous waste in one year. how could we dispose you know in a safe way so how much a time bomb this industry is gonna create. in
electronics at this moment of time i believe we're in the dinosaur age. we're using too many resources too many raw materials and the life of a computer isn't a big leap three to four years the. wrist mall company in our hand and a mission is to produce a fair trade computer. in the early days i repaired this component levels on the computers and one imports. from i noticed that there was huge amount of waste in the computer industry. so we started designing and building a database of raven reuse with computers. this is my father's
environmental drill now electricity and just you know it's just it's just that's. how can you build a computer would have plastic how could you build a computer without lead mercury p.v.c.'s brominated flame returns and all the other heavy metals. that was our gold the material we use is wood so it's technology of one hundred years ago but it's perfectly good. computers will last seven to ten years because home users non-technical people can repair and replace i'm never placed in the memory you can extend the life upgrade ability.
to day is these are major launch in europe. we've lots of invites and to people. we were awarded the world's first year. for integration desktop computers it was the world's first ever achieve this award that time i thought wow the gates will open with orders for flooding first that was not the case maybe a little bit of naive essay on my part as hard as they're like government agencies some people like that there is no room for environmental they are totally just bottom line. i'm looking at it now it's one little step at a time but what we need to do is work harder build more computers. get people to join us. americans toss out
a lot of gadgets every day. if we look at the three million or so tons of electronic waste the gets generated in united states every year probably fifteen percent of that gets recycled. and some percent of that gets recycled in a responsible fashion. part to crumble she says t.v. that you. move. the wind you do floors or.
so happy that he will hi bill. she says those are shall we. now. she need. to hear heisley use a male voice here that has a page a b. and she'll be old up. we think ok we'll send her you ways to china let them burn it let them have the pollution but we have to remember that air pollution travels around the globe. that pollution is getting lost into the atmosphere and coming right back to us. metals and metal is a metal you know and it's there's no other form for it to convert to you can convert it from being in the soil to being in the water to being in the air but you still have a metal. in our work we
fly through clouds and we sample the cloud droplets and we measure the chemistry of each one very fast as you're flying through clouds they're flashing as fast as you can imagine on a screen and we collect all that information and what we get is what's a chemical fingerprint. in california with getting rid of lead in gasoline we've reduced the amount of lead we have and so when lead shows up that is one of the tracers that we say this could be from elsewhere and we can trace it back in time and say you know four days ago this air was over asia. and you have more pollution and you have more aerosols those go into the cloud and so you have so many that they can't get big enough to fall and lead to rain. and
it's giving you these extremes of either not enough water in some places and way too much water in other places. what happens if we push it too far. we'll start to see more of these extreme events things like flooding and hurricanes. these are what people often refer to as tipping points and not so that's what we're very concerned about happening. my attachment to my devices is more complicated now. it's hard to get excited about the next new model or upgrade knowing what they really cost to make. the industry in it's constant search for cheaper workers and land is moving on to new countries with few government safeguards or inspections.
we all have a share in this problem. but we can use our voices and our buying power to demand real labor safety and greater environmental protections. the digital revolution has improved our lives in so many ways. we need to make sure it doesn't rob us of our health and our planet. hello the weather is gone all stormy now in the eastern mediterranean has produced fairly heavy showers over turkey to spread still east was to the caucasus is bringing wind up from the south across egypt for free that's not particularly where we've seen a bout twenty seven in beirut and twenty four in jerusalem as the rain or the showers well they really do very much the coaxes not on thursday and back still got ninety degrees was tearing up at twenty seven the day after
a little change either so that big fluster in the eastern med hasn't had very much effect to be honest in levant and beyond thirty three in baghdad thirty four in kuwait the wind is not particularly prominent we've noticed humidity fluctuating around the gulf recently thirty four could be fairly humid thirty four because there's no prevailing breeze at the moment and this is true down to abu dhabi it's still near forty in mecca and the breeze here indicates is coming from the south as a result could be a little dusty so lousy twenty nine hameed when i was here and it was of course the last three months in southern africa we're seeing proper rain develop once more and more specifically in south africa this line that's just light but now in cloud on thursday come friday looks like a fairly stormy potential over jo'burg and crossing.
oh is it allison when they're on line we were in hurricane winds for almost like thirty six hours these are the things that has to address or if you join us on set i'm a member of a complex one but we struck up a relationship this is a dialogue tweet us with hostile a.j. stream and one of their pitches might make them actually join the global conversation at this time on al-jazeera. we understand the differences. and the similarities of cultures across the world so no matter how you take it al-jazeera will bring in the news and current affairs that matter to. zero. a young mind a blank slate primed for the wonders of the world. both valuable and found.
in their own words boys as young as nine reveal how they were indoctrinated and wrenched from their childhood into a life of unspeakable violence. lion cubs of i saw. this documentary at this time on a. mission to. have. a. job. you want to do for that's what our. trying to get there like not. just. jump on the drug. deal with the one today. this time on al-jazeera.